What are the Main Teachings of Buddhism?

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buddha and karma's author

Buddhists are always willing to impart their practices to everyone. Yes, even to those who do not practice their religion. They do that because they understand that human existence is one full of hardships.

But what are the main teachings of Buddhism that helps us journey through life?

Buddhism has its roots in India and dates back thousands of years. Its major themes include kindness and wellness.

To reach enlightenment or nirvana, they adhere to the lessons that we are about to share with you. Here are some Buddhist lessons you can use in your daily life, especially through the difficult times.

Daily meditation

Meditation is done by sitting down in silence to observe your emotions. The regular habit of meditation can help one understand surface feelings better. 

It is an important practice to live by. Because as you acknowledge these feelings, it may become simpler to understand that your emotions do not define you. They are fleeting responses to challenges that come your way.

As eating is essential in nurturing our bodies, we should always make time to pray and meditate. We need to do it because it nourishes our souls. So allow yourself to have five minutes in meditation and work your way through long periods. 

Practicing Dharma

Dharma is the universal truth the Buddha taught us to protect ourselves from suffering. This Buddhist principle serves as a reminder to show kindness, first to oneself, and then, to others.

Practicing dharma will help you realize your place in the world and develop a sense of compassion for all beings.

You do this by reminding yourself throughout the day that you want to help others. How? By helping them reach nirvana, as this is part of your journey to enlightenment, too.

An opportunity to be kind is available with every setback that comes your way. Say, the long queue at the grocery or the red traffic lights. They all point to calming yourself along with your impatient heart.

You feel like a stranger to yourself because you are not engaging in dharma practice. You become out of touch with reality. So, instead of living on autopilot, strive for dharma. Be conscious of your thoughts, feelings, words, and actions throughout the day. 

Practice Mindfulness

Buddhist teachings on mindfulness are vital building blocks. You may train your mind a higher skill of observing incoming and outgoing impulses through mindfulness.

You will no longer be operating in an unfocused manner by developing awareness. No more being disoriented and worn out. All because mindfulness also applies to your moral principles and the active desire to treat others with kindness.

A mindful heart is a kind heart. It nurtures you and guides your actions. When negative thoughts rise to the surface, mindfulness allows you to pause. Rethink and stop projecting bad energy out into the world.

Letting go of your ego

One of the main objectives of Buddhism is to help you get rid of your ego. Doing this daily is the secret to being able to get through the inconveniences of life. It helps you to cope with the heartaches you experience every day.

Applying this is crucial but challenging because your train of thought is deeply embedded with the ego. As your survival mechanism develops, your instincts and thought processes also evolve.

The many ways built on your ego that were put in place to protect, yet, are now the cause of your suffering. Your sense of self is entwined with your ego can be harmful. It makes you rigid to the ever-changing phases of life.

Realizing that your mind is constantly changing will help you. Letting go of your ego is to break free from this style of thinking. Like the seasons, you also change, and it's a fluid world. 

This change of perspective will help you realize that most things don't actually matter in the greater picture in your journey to nirvana.


The best way to lead this life is to have a genuine concern for others. You allow yourself to be flowing with compassion. It’s done by trying to view the world through the eyes of someone else.

Most people are unable to empathize with another person's hardships on a daily basis. This is because they ignore other people's misery in favor of concentrating on their own.

Compassion is integral to your daily life as it anchors you to think beyond what is there in front of you. Realizing that there is something more than what meets the eye. It helps you create a more sound way of interacting with others.

Literally defined as “to suffer together,” compassion is to champion being human. The motivation to relieve the suffering that is not yours. It is pure empathy in action, something that only enlightened people can only do.

Final Thoughts

Buddhism has a lot to teach us, but at its essence, it all revolves around being a better version of ourselves. We respect ourselves as people when we respect ourselves spiritually.

All Buddhist practices ultimately aim to achieve the same enlightenment. The one that the Buddha attained. And it’s done by actively changing one's heart and desires and letting go of self.

Applying these lessons to your daily life will bring you happiness and peace. Whether you do it as part of your Buddhist religion or as a way to heal, take these lessons to heart.

Celina Wang

Celina Wang, a seasoned Feng Shui and crystal healing enthusiast, shares a decade of expertise on the Buddha & Karma blog. Inspired by her travels in East Asia and love for nature, she guides readers through the transformative world of Feng Shui and crystals, infusing her writing with insights from her peaceful garden meditations.

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  • Kenyatta

    Love it

  • Berenice

    Dealing with many negative thoughts, emotions, past experiences that I would like to let go and become a better version of myself. I use to be a very loving and caring person in the past but life experiences have taken over…

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